Journal of Military Ethics

  • An Ethics of Care Perspective on Care to Battlefield Casualties
    Journal of Military Ethics08 July 2024By Joshua Armstrong Lachlan Hegarty a School of Medicine and Dentistry, Griffith University, Queensland, Australiab Mental Health Drug and Alcohol Department, Northern Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, AustraliaJoshua Armstrong is a current Australian Army medical officer with an interest in military ethics, in particular military medical ethics. He holds an MD degree and also a Master’s degree in Bioethics. He is an Associate Lecturer at Griffith University.Lachlan Hegarty is a Psychiatry Registrar with the Northern Sydney Local Health District undergoing training in psychiatry. He is the author of publications in Australasian Psychiatry and Emergency Medicine Australasia and has presented research across the fields of psychiatry, emergency medicine and general practice at medical conferences in Australia and New Zealand.
  • Supporting Ethical Decision-Making for Lethal Autonomous Weapons
    Journal of Military Ethics25 June 2024By Spencer Kohn Marvin Cohen Athena Johnson Mikhail Terman Gershon Weltman Joseph Lyons a Research and Development Department, Sherman Oaks, CA, USAb Air Force Research Laboratory, Dayton, OH, USASpencer Kohn is the Director of Human Factors Research at Perceptronics Solutions; he is responsible for managing and contributing to research and development of human focused systems. His emphasis areas include calibrating trust in mixed human-automation teams through transparency, and maintaining situational awareness and balanced workload while using complex interfaces. Dr. Kohn has previously facilitated project development on topics including trauma medicine, combat jet piloting, and epidemiology; he has applied goal-directed task analyses to measure situational awareness in a virtual three-dimensional world, and designed and tested a Bayesian-based analytics and visualization system to supplement experts’ evaluation of trainee military aviators. His current projects include the Intelligent Human Machine Interface (IHMI), an ongoing project with the US Army focused on assessing and adapting operator’s trust, situational awareness, and workload in real-time based on non-obtrusive behavioral measures captured within the interface. Dr. Kohn received his Ph.D. in Psychology, Human Factors and Applied Cognition from George Mason University.Marvin Cohen is an expert in cognitive systems and decision analysis. At Perceptronics Solutions, Dr. Cohen is a Senior Research Scientist and a lead investigator in projects centering on team performance and team cognition. He has been a principal investigator on several human – autonomy team performance efforts and helped to develop the Causal Model-based Measurement and Visualization System (CMVS) for Team Performance in Command and Control of Unmanned Systems for ONR. Dr. Cohen collaborated with Prof. Eduardo Salas on the development of Team Performance Framework for the Army Research Institute and developed team readiness measures for the Navy. Most recently his development of a cognitively efficient uncertainty visualization interface was transitioned to the Electronic Warfare Planning and Management Tool (EWPMT), a US Army Program of Record. Dr. Cohen has managed numerous projects involving the design, development, and testing of decision aids and research on human and normative decision processes. Dr. Cohen received his Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Harvard University and has over 150 publications in Journals, book chapters and conference proceedings.Athena Johnson is a Principal Software Engineer at Perceptronics Solutions Inc. She specializes in designing and developing user interfaces across multiple domains that range from research and development to fielded mission critical systems. Her focus areas include analysis of interactions through conceptual interfaces, providing situational understanding through cyber warfare systems, ensuring resilience in mission critical systems and command and control through autonomous collaboration of unmanned systems. During her time at Perceptronics Solutions, Ms. Johnson has worked on projects including the Development and Run-time Environment for Aviation Mission-tasking and Mission Management (DREAMM), a system that provides the ability to develop complex mission compositions using an intuitive user interface and simplified semantics. She also participated in the Robotics Enhancement Program (REP), where she was able to successfully demonstrate unmanned command and control systems in live flight exercises. Ms. Johnson holds a B.S. in Computer Science from North Carolina State University and a M.S. in Computer Science from Hood College.Mikhail Terman is a Data Scientist at Perceptronics Solutions, specializing in the application of generalized linear models, non-linear models, parametric and nonparametric tests, and time series analysis. At Perceptronics, Mr. Terman has analyzed and cleaned data in evaluating the use of new technologies for the U.S. Government, and has designed technical benchmarks for a number of AI based projects. Prior to joining Perceptronics, Mr. Terman collated and analyzed data on $250 million in loans to predict future losses that a private investment agency might incur, compared rating scales of foreign legal systems in order to predict loan repayment rates, tested proficiency of pre-existing models used by the department and found errors in active datasets and drafted a white paper on historical economic trends in Turkey and the performance of the country’s financial sector to predict losses during the 2018 fiscal crisis. Mr. Terman received his B.A. in Psychology, cum laude, from Haverford College, and his M.S. in Statistical Science from George Mason University.Gershon Weltman is an internationally respected expert in human factors and user interface design with a strong emphasis on training and simulation. Dr. Weltman’s professional experience includes his long-term executive and technical management of our predecessor company Perceptronics, Inc., where his responsibilities as CEO included developing new business and directing the creative design, production and delivery of many innovative simulation and decision support systems. In addition to serving as principal investigator on a number of current Perceptronics Solutions projects, and providing scientific direction to others, Dr. Weltman is a Lecturer in the UCLA School of Engineering and Applied Science, where he teaches an undergraduate course on Engineering, Ethics and Society. Dr. Weltman was a six-year member of the U.S. Army Science Board, a select group that advises the Army on science and technology matters, and also served on the Defense Science Board Task Force on Training for Future Conflicts. He has published numerous scientific, technical, and strategic papers, and has presented lectures and briefings at government, business, and professional meetings. He holds a B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in Man-Machine Systems from the UCLA School of Engineering and Applied Science.Joseph Lyons is a Principal Research Psychologist within the 711 Human Performance Wing at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH. Some of Dr. Lyons’ research interests include human-machine trust, interpersonal trust, human factors, and influence. Dr. Lyons has worked for the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) as a civilian researcher since 2005, and between 2011 and 2013 he served as the Program Officer at the Air Force Office of Scientific Research where he created a basic research portfolio to study both interpersonal and human-machine trust as well as social influence. Dr. Lyons has published in a variety of peer-reviewed journals. He is an AFRL Fellow, a Fellow of the American Psychological Association, and a Fellow of the Society for Military Psychologists. Dr. Lyons received his Ph.D. in Industrial / Organizational Psychology from Wright State University.
  • Military Medical Providers’ Postdeployment Perceptions of Operation Iraqi Freedom
    Journal of Military Ethics19 June 2024By Brian A. Moore Monty T. Baker Alyssa Ojeda Jennifer M. Hein Chelsea J. Sterne Stacey Young-McCaughan William C. Isler Alan L. Peterson a Department of Psychological Science, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, USAb Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USAc College of Psychology, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USAd Department of Behavioral Health, Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center, Fort Hood, TX, USAe Department of Psychology, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USAf Research and Development Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USAg United States Air Force, San Antonio, TX, USABrian A. Moore, is the Director of the Center for the Advancement of Military and Emergency Services (AMES) Research and an assistant professor of psychology at Kennesaw State University. He spent 12 years in the Army and is currently a major in the United States Army Reserve. His research focuses on military personnel and the intersection between trauma, sleep, and resilience.Monty T. Baker, received his doctoral degree in clinical psychology from Nova Southeastern University. He is a licensed psychologist and has served almost 30 years in the U.S. military. He recently retired from active duty as a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Air Force, serving the last 10 years supporting SOF Units. He is an adjunct faculty member with the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and has over 130 academic presentations and publications.Alyssa Ojeda, is a U.S. Army second lieutenant and a third-year clinical psychology doctoral student at Nova Southeastern University. She is the program coordinator of the Military Psychology Group. Her research interests involve the integration of resilience and physical fitness within military and first responder populations.Jennifer Hein, is a U.S. Army Captain and military physician with four years of time in active duty service. She is currently completing her second year of psychiatry residency training at Carl R. Darnall Medical Center, Ft. Hood, TX, and received her medical degree from the University of California, Riverside in 2018.Chelsea J. Sterne, is an Assistant Professor and the Program Director for Psychology at Cumberland University. She is a former Army human resources officer, and her research focuses on military personnel and the connection between trauma and chronic pain.Stacey Young-McCaughan, is a professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and a research health scientist with the South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, Texas. Dr. Young-McCaughan (USA COL, Ret.) served 29 years as an Army Nurse Corps officer in a variety of clinical and research positions. She now supports investigators researching psychological health conditions. Her own particular research interests are in the areas of exercise and sleep.William C. Isler, recently retired as a colonel in the U.S. Air Force after 24 years of active duty and currently works for the U.S. Air Force in San Antonio, Texas. Dr. Isler specializes in health psychology and threat assessment.Alan L. Peterson, is a professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences atThe University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, a research health scientist with the South Texas Veterans Health Care System in San Antonio, Texas, and a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Texas at San Antonio. Dr. Peterson is a board-certified clinical health psychologist who served 21 years of active duty with the U.S. Air Force, including three post-9/11 deployments, retiring as a lieutenant colonel in 2005. He has clinical and research expertise in the areas of behavioral medicine, psychological trauma, and resiliency.
  • A Little Lower but Still in the Fight
    Journal of Military Ethics06 March 2024By James CookUS Air Force Academy
  • Introduction to Special Issue: Moral Virtue and Moral Injury
    Journal of Military Ethics05 March 2024By Henrik SyseJames Cook
  • Skin in the Game: Moral Exploitation and the Case for Mandatory Military Service
    Journal of Military Ethics05 March 2024By Michael RobillardPhilosophy Department, Stone Hill College, North Easton, MA, USAMichael Robillard is an American philosopher, ethicist, and U.S. Army veteran. His writings focus primarily on veterans’ issues, civil–military relations, higher education, and restoring Western Civilization. He has held prior academic appointments at the University of Oxford, University of Notre Dame, and the U.S. Naval Academy and has been published by Oxford University Press. He is currently a professor of philosophy at Stone Hill College.
  • The Causes of War Crimes
    Journal of Military Ethics04 March 2024By Jessica WolfendaleDepartment of Philosophy, Case Western University, Cleveland, OH, USAJessica Wolfendale (@JCWolfendale) is Professor of Philosophy at Case Western Reserve University and holds secondary appointments in the School of Law and as a senior research associate at the Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence. Her research focuses on the ethics of political violence, with a particular interest in the processes by which ordinary military personnel may come to commit atrocities such as torture. She is the author of two books and more than 40 articles and book chapters, which have appeared in such publications as the Journal of Military Ethics, the Journal of Political Philosophy, Criminal Justice Ethics, and the Case Western Journal of International Law. Her most recent book, War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame, written with Matthew Talbert (Oxford University Press, 2019), argues that war crimes are often explained by perpetrators’ beliefs, goals and values. In her current book project, Torture and Terrorism in America, she examines the toleration of torture and terrorism in the criminal justice and national security contexts.
  • The Limits of Virtue: Moral Psychology and Military Conduct
    Journal of Military Ethics04 March 2024By John M. DorisCharles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management and Sage School of Philosophy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USAJohn M. Doris is Peter L. Dyson Professor of Ethics in Organizations and Life at Cornell University. He has authored Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior; Talking to Our Selves: Reflection, Ignorance, and Agency; and Character Trouble: Undisciplined Essays on Moral Agency and Personality, and co-edited The Moral Psychology Handbook and The Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology. His work has been funded by Michigan’s Institute for the Humanities; Princeton’s University Center for Human Values; the National Humanities Center; the American Council of Learned Societies; the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences; and the National Endowment for the Humanities.
  • Moral Injury and Atonement
    Journal of Military Ethics29 February 2024By David LubanGeorgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC, USADavid Luban is Distinguished University Professor at Georgetown University Law Center, Washington DC, USA, and holds the Class of 1965 Distinguished Chair in Ethics at the Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership, United States Naval Academy. Recent work includes “Military Necessity: A Defense of the Marginal Interpretation,” in Eric Patterson & Marc LiVecche, eds. Returning Military Necessity to Just War Statecraft (Routledge 2024); International and Transnational Criminal Law (4th ed., Aspen 2023) (with Julie O'Sullivan, David P. Stewart, and Neha Jain); and “The Crime of Aggression: Its Nature, the Leadership Clause, and the Paradox of Immunity,” forthcoming in Tom Dannenbaum & Eliav Lieblich, eds., Elgar’s Research Handbook on International Legal Theory and War. He is currently completing a book on the moral and legal thought of Hannah Arendt.
  • Limited Force and the Fight for the Just War Tradition
    Journal of Military Ethics23 February 2024By George R. LucasGeneva Center for Security Sector Governance, Switzerland
  • Emotion, Ethics, and Military Virtues
    Journal of Military Ethics23 February 2024By Mitt ReganKevin Mullaneya Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC, USAb Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USAc Leadership, Ethics, and Law Department, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USAMitt Regan is McDevitt Professor of Jurisprudence and Co-Director of the Center on National Security at Georgetown Law Center. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership at the U.S. Naval Academy, and a member of an expert group advising the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) on legal and ethical dimensions of AI applications in military operations. He works in the fields of international law on the use of force, international human rights law, international criminal law, and military ethics. He is the author most recently of Drone Strike: Analyzing the Impacts of Targeted Killing (Palgrave Macmillan 2022), and co-editor of Between Crime and War: Hybrid Legal Frameworks for Asymmetric Conflict (Oxford University Press 2023).Kevin Mullaney is a Naval officer who has served on four submarines and completed seven strategic and tactical deployments. Since his selection as a Permanent Military Professor at the United States Naval Academy and completion of studies as an Industrial/Organizational psychologist, he is an active educator, leadership coach, researcher, and chair of the Leadership, Ethics, and Law Department. He is one of the primary authors of the Marshall Center’s Partnership for Peace Consortium’s leadership and ethics reference curriculum and supports NATO partner countries with leadership curriculum development. His primary academic interest is the cognitive representation and experience of emotions and values and the role that these representations play in consciousness and ethical decision-making.
  • Moral Injury: A Typology
    Journal of Military Ethics22 February 2024By Edward BarrettStockdale Center for Ethical Leadership, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USAEdward Barrett is the Director of Research at the United States Naval Academy’s Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership. An Air Force ROTC scholarship graduate of the University of Notre Dame, he completed a Ph.D. in political theory at the University of Chicago; is the author of Persons and Liberal Democracy: The Ethical and Political Thought of Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II and many edited volumes, journal articles and book chapters on military ethics issues; worked for two years as speechwriter to the Catholic Archbishop of Chicago, Francis Cardinal George; and served in the active duty and reserve Air Force as a pilot and strategic planner.
  • Francis and the Bomb: On the Immorality of Nuclear Deterrence
    Journal of Military Ethics22 February 2024By Christian Nikolaus BraunDefence Studies Department, King’s College London, London, UKChristian Nikolaus Braun is a lecturer in the Defence Studies Department at King's College London. His primary area of research is the ethics of war and peace. It is his ambition to bring to bear the wisdom of the just war tradition on ethical issues that confront us today. For example, in his monograph Limited Force and the Fight for the Just War Tradition (Georgetown University Press, 2023), Christian employs a neoclassical reading of just war that is grounded in the thought of Thomas Aquinas to argue about so-called uses of force-short-of-war. His research has also been published in numerous peer-reviewed journals, including Ethics & International Affairs, Global Studies Quarterly, International Relations, International Theory, and the Journal of International Political Theory.
  • Kevlar for the Soul: Moral Theology and Force Protection
    Journal of Military Ethics12 February 2024By Marc LiVeccheProvidence: A Journal of Christianity & American Foreign Policy, Annapolis, MD, USAMarc LiVecche is the McDonald Distinguished Scholar of War, Ethics, and Public Life at Providence: A Journal of Christianity & American Foreign Policy; and a non-resident Research Fellow at the U.S. Naval War College. He is the author of The Good Kill: Just War & Moral Injury (Oxford University Press, 2021), and co-editor with Eric Patterson of Responsibility and Restraint: James Turner Johnson and the Just War Tradition (Stone Tower Press, 2020), and of Military Necessity and Just War Statecraft: The Principle of National Security Stewardship (Routledge, 2024).
  • Teaching Virtues in the Military
    Journal of Military Ethics05 February 2024By Nancy E. SnowDepartment of Philosophy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USANancy E. Snow joined the University of Kansas (KU) Philosophy Department as a tenured full professor in late August 2022. She was formerly Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Institute for the Study of Human Flourishing at the University of Oklahoma. Her research interests are in virtue ethics, moral psychology, and virtue epistemology. She is the author of Virtue as Social Intelligence: An Empirically Grounded Theory (Routledge, 2010), Contemporary Virtue Ethics (Cambridge University Press, 2020), and seventy papers on virtue and ethics more broadly. She is the co-author (with Jennifer Cole Wright and Michael T. Warren) of Understanding Virtue: Theory and Measurement (Oxford University Press, 2021), and has edited or co-edited seven volumes. She is the series editor of “The Virtues,” a fifteen-book series published by Oxford University Press. In addition to other projects, she is currently editing a book on hope, authoring a monograph on hope, and planning work on a monograph on virtue ethics and virtue epistemology.
  • Review of Issues in Military Ethics Series
    Journal of Military Ethics08 January 2024By Edward ErwinChaplain Corps, United States Navy, Newport, Rhode Island, USAEdward Erwin, Commander, USN, is a Navy chaplain who holds a Ph.D. in theology and ethics from Duke University. Dr. Erwin has taught world religions at Troy University and ethics at the University of Maryland University College. He enjoys writing articles for a number of leading academic journals and professional magazines.
  • The Horrors of War – and the Need for Ethics
    Journal of Military Ethics08 January 2024By Henrik Syse
  • An Unethical War on Language Requires an Ethical Language of War
    Journal of Military Ethics08 January 2024By James L. Cook
  • The Duty to Repatriate U.S. Military Personnel
    Journal of Military Ethics08 January 2024By Rodney C. RobertsDepartment of Philosophy & Religious Studies, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USARodney C. Roberts is a U.S. Navy veteran and an associate professor of philosophy at East Carolina University. He is the editor of Injustice and Rectification (Peter Lang, 2002).
  • Decision Making in Killer Robots Is Not Bias Free
    Journal of Military Ethics08 January 2024By Teresa LimataDepartment of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, ItalyTeresa Limata is a Ph.D. candidate in Neuroscience at the Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy. Her research explores how the human body can influence cognitive processes, such as perception, memory, and communication. Beyond her academic pursuits, she has a keen interest in military-related topics, bridging psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience within military contexts. This interest led her to her Master's Thesis in criminological and forensic psychology, focusing on the enhancement of cognitive and physical capabilities within the military context, graduating with honors.
  • War without Agreement: Thinking through Okeja’s Jus ad Bellum Theory
    Journal of Military Ethics07 December 2023By Luís Cordeiro-RodriguesDepartment of Philosophy, Yuelu Academy, Hunan University, Changsha City, Hunan Province, People's Republic of ChinaLuís Cordeiro-Rodrigues is a Full Professor at the Department of Philosophy, Yuelu Academy, Hunan University, China. He has published over 70 papers on applied ethics topics, such as just war theory, public health ethics, and bioethics.
  • Decision Making in Killer Robots is Not Bias Free
    Journal of Military Ethics30 November 2023By Teresa LimataDepartment of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, ItalyTeresa Limata is a Ph.D. candidate in Neuroscience at the Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy. Her research explores how the human body can influence cognitive processes, such as perception, memory, and communication. Beyond her academic pursuits, she has a keen interest in military-related topics, bridging psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience within military contexts. This interest led her to her Master's Thesis in criminological and forensic psychology, focusing on the enhancement of cognitive and physical capabilities within the military context, graduating with honors.
  • Moralities of Drone Violence
    Journal of Military Ethics23 November 2023By Karia HartungDepartment of Politics, International Relations and Philosophy, Royal Holloway, University of London
  • Selective Conscientious Objection and the Prima Facie Duty Override Criteria
    Journal of Military Ethics13 October 2023By Logan SissonDepartment of Philosophy, US Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, USA Logan Sisson (PhD, University of Virginia, 2016) is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the US Air Force Academy. His research interests include just war theory, ethics, moral injury, and human rights.
  • Can Just Wars Be Fought Proportionately? A Critique of In Bello Proportionality
    Journal of Military Ethics26 September 2023By Michael C. HawleyDepartment of Government and Legal Studies, Bowdoin College, Maine, USAMichael C. Hawley is an Assistant Professor in the Political Science Department at the University of Houston. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science from Duke University in 2017. His research interests include the history of political thought and contemporary political philosophy. His work has appeared in Journal of Politics, Polis, Philosophy & Theology, History of European Ideas, European Journal of Political Theory, and Polity. His first book, Natural Law Republicanism: Cicero's Liberal Legacy, was published by Oxford University Press in 2022.
  • Psychological Defense Mechanisms of Military Service Members as a Personality Stabilization Regulatory System for Combat Mission Effectiveness
    Journal of Military Ethics31 July 2023By Kateryna Kravchenko
  • Autonomous Systems and Moral De-Skilling: Beyond Good and Evil in the Emergent Battlespaces of the Twenty-First Century
    Journal of Military Ethics31 July 2023By Manabrata Guha
  • Meaningful Human Control
    Journal of Military Ethics31 July 2023By Henrik Syse

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